Wine Foundations

Begin your wine journey here. Explore foundational concepts, laid out in a clear and progressive order, setting the stage for your wine exploration. 

  • Welcome to the charming world of Albariño, a white grape variety that has quietly emerged as a star within the global wine scene. Native to the Galicia region of northwestern Spain, Albariño is celebrated for its high acidity, aromatic complexity, and distinctive salinity that makes it an enchanting companion to seafood dishes.

  • Embark on a discovery of Grüner Veltliner, Austria's most famous white grape variety. Known for its distinctive peppery note and mouthwatering acidity, Grüner Veltliner has carved out a niche for itself among wine enthusiasts who appreciate its unique character, food-friendliness, and excellent aging potential.

  • Welcome to the world of Gewürztraminer, a white grape variety known for its aromatic prowess and exotic flavour profile. The wines produced from Gewürztraminer often deliver a flamboyant bouquet and a rich palate, offering an engaging, sensory wine-drinking experience unlike any other.

  • Welcome to the enthralling world of Viognier, an enchanting white grape variety known for its heady aromatics and rich, full-bodied style. Once a grape teetering on the edge of extinction, Viognier has experienced a modern resurgence, captivating wine lovers with its unique charm and complexity.

  • Immerse yourself in the wonderful world of Chenin Blanc, a white grape variety celebrated for its exceptional versatility and remarkable adaptability. Chenin Blanc can yield an extraordinary array of wines, from bone-dry to lusciously sweet, still to sparkling, and everything in between. It is this flexibility, coupled with an expressive flavour profile, that truly sets Chenin Blanc apart.

  • Welcome to the world of Grenache, or Garnacha as it's known in Spain - a red grape variety celebrated for its contribution to some of the world's most exquisite blends. Often overlooked for more well-known varieties, Grenache/Garnacha is the silent hero behind many cherished wines, known for its ability to add warmth, richness, and a fruit-forward character.

  • Welcome to the captivating world of Nebbiolo, a red grape variety celebrated for its profound depth, complex aromatics, and remarkable ageing potential. Originating in Italy's Piedmont region, Nebbiolo is the cornerstone of some of the world's most esteemed wines, including Barolo and Barbaresco. Its allure lies in the compelling interplay of power and elegance, structure and subtlety, creating wines that are truly a sensory delight.

  • Welcome to the world of Sangiovese, a red grape variety that lies at the heart of Italian viticulture. Best known for its starring role in the wines of Tuscany, including Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Sangiovese is celebrated for its vibrant acidity, robust tannins, and complex flavours.

  • Welcome to the world of Tempranillo, a noble red grape variety that stands as the embodiment of Spanish wine. Known for its versatility and profound expression of terroir, Tempranillo weaves a story of Spanish tradition, culture, and passion in every glass, offering an exploration of depth, structure, and beautifully balanced flavors.

  • Welcome to the world of Malbec, a red grape variety that embodies a profound richness and intensity. Known for its deep color, robust tannins, and flavors of dark fruit and spices, Malbec has become synonymous with Argentina, where it has found its most vibrant expression. Its ability to produce extraordinary wines, full of character and warmth, has firmly established Malbec as a favorite among red wine lovers worldwide.

  • Delve into the captivating world of Pinot Gris, also known as Pinot Grigio, a white grape varietal that thrives in various climates and produces wines with diverse styles. From light and crisp to rich and spicy, Pinot Gris offers a fascinating exploration of the world of white wines, satisfying a wide range of palates and preferences.

  • Welcome to the enchanting world of Riesling, a white grape variety revered for its elegance, complexity, and extraordinary versatility. Loved by wine enthusiasts for its pure expression of terroir and ability to age gracefully, Riesling can produce an array of wines from bone dry to lusciously sweet, making it a truly versatile varietal in both vineyard and winery.

  • Welcome to the vivacious world of Sauvignon Blanc, a white grape variety known for its distinctive and captivating aromatic profile. Prized for its crispness, refreshing acidity, and a flavor palette that ranges from grassy to tropical, Sauvignon Blanc continues to enchant wine enthusiasts worldwide, offering a sensory journey like no other.

  • Welcome to the rich and diverse world of Chardonnay, often hailed as the queen of white wine grapes. Known for its versatility in the vineyard and the winery, Chardonnay can be crafted into a myriad of styles, from crisp, unoaked versions to buttery, opulent wines. Its adaptability has led to its cultivation in nearly every wine-growing region worldwide, truly demonstrating Chardonnay's universal appeal.

  • Welcome to the vibrant world of Syrah/Shiraz, a grape variety known for its robust character and ability to produce both profoundly bold and strikingly elegant wines. It's a grape that embodies duality, known as Syrah in its homeland of France and in most of the wine world, and as Shiraz in Australia and South Africa, each expressing distinct facets of this versatile variety.

  • Embark on a journey through the mesmerizing world of Pinot Noir, a grape as bewitching as it is elusive. Its ethereal flavours and sensuous textures have bewitched wine lovers for centuries, earning it a reputation as one of the world's most cherished and sought-after wines.

  • Merlot, one of the most cultivated grape varieties in the world, finds its origins in the vineyards of Bordeaux, France. Its name derives from the French regional patois word "merlau," referring to the blackbird, likely due to the grape's dark, almost black color. The first written mention of Merlot dates back to the late 18th century in Bordeaux, though it has been cultivated for far longer.

  • In the grand pantheon of grapes, few enjoy the international recognition of Cabernet Sauvignon. Esteemed for its depth of flavour, longevity, and versatility, it has claimed a stake in almost every wine-growing region worldwide. Let's embark on a journey to better understand this renowned varietal.

  • After gaining a solid foundation in the world of wine by exploring the 8 essential grape varieties, you might be eager to delve deeper into the diverse range of flavors, aromas, and styles that the wine world has to offer. In this follow-up article, we will introduce you to 10 more grape varieties that are worth exploring, including reds: Malbec, Tempranillo, Sangiovese, Nebbiolo and Grenache/Garnacha, and whites: Chenin Blanc, Viognier, Gewürztraminer, Grüner Veltliner, and Albariño.

  • As the world of wine becomes increasingly diverse and complex, it can be challenging for anyone interested in wine to navigate the countless grape varieties used in winemaking. However, by starting with a foundation of these eight grape varieties, you can build a strong understanding of some key styles, flavors, and characteristics found in the world of wine.

Wine Sections

Tasting and Enjoying Wine | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Tasting & Enjoying Wine

Understanding Wine Making | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Understanding Wine Making

Understanding Wine Regions | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Understanding Wine Regions

Understanding Grape Varieties | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Understanding Grape Varieties

Understanding Wine Labels | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Understanding Wine Labels

The Wines of the World | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

The Wines of the World

Wine Trends & Technology | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Wine Trends & Technology

Wine and Food Pairing | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

My Wine Adventures

Wine & Food Diary | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Wine and Food Pairing

Wine Reviews | Bernard Marr | Wine Cellar

Wine Reviews

Some of my most memorable wines